Article by Kwadwo Appiagyei-Atua
Finally, for the first time in the history of African constitutional law development, ‘academic freedom’ has been enshrined in the constitutions of some of states. Currently there are 14 (25.45%) out of Africa’s 55 countries that have specific reference or give explicit recognition to ‘academic freedom’ in their constitutions.
For example, article 16(1) of the South African Constitution provides: “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes . . . (b) freedom to receive or impart information or ideas, (c) freedom of artistic creativity; and (d) academic freedom and freedom of scientific research.”
Apart from explicit recognition, eight (12.7%) countries have direct reference or recognition of academic freedom in their constitutions. This includes reference to constituent elements of academic freedom in the constitution. The rest, 34 (61.8%), have indirect reference only.Read more
Source : World University News